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触发全球贸易壁垒? 美国推高关税,多国强烈反对

2019-08-25 23:40 来源:宜宾新闻网

  触发全球贸易壁垒? 美国推高关税,多国强烈反对

  ZimbabweanPresidentEmmersonMnangagwa(2ndR,Front)speakswithstaffmembersatanewPepsiplantinHarare,Zimbabwe,onJune13,ryundertheworldfamousPepsibrand.(Xinhua/ShaunJusa)HARARE,June13(Xinhua)--Zimbabw,whoseconstructionbeganin2016andwascompletedearlythisyear,producesaround600,,ajointventurebetweenGlaciemandVarunBeveragesofZambia,whichinturnisasubsidiaryofRJCorpGroup,,otherbrandsbeingproducedattheplantincludeMirinda,MountainDew,rationsvisiontorampupinvestmenttocreatejobsandgrowthecountryfitsproductsintotheregion."Mygovernmentonitspartstandsreadytofacilitatetheprocessandregulationsthatenhanceandpromoteexport-ledgrowth,"sproducts,afactacknowledgedbyMnangagwa,whosaidthemovehadforcedcompetitorstolowerprices."Withthefuturerevenueandprofitsgeneratedfromthesaleofcarbonateddrinkswearealreadylookingatavenuesofre-investmentlikepotatoprocessing,tomatoprocessing,juices,dairy,education,healthcareandhospitality,hencefurthersupportingtheZimbabweancommunity,",Botswana,MozambiqueandotherneighboringcountriesandhelpbringforeignexchangeintoZimbabwe.Chinahasmadeseveralbreakthroughsincutting-edgenanotechnologyinthepastfiveyearsthatwillhavesignificantapplicationsinelectricvehicles,industrialprintingandpublichealth,-,theproperti,,,Chinahascreatedalithium-ionpowerbatterycapableofsafelystoring300watthoursperkilogramofmass,whichcouldpoweramorethan500kilometertripsintheEV200electricsedanproducedbyBeijingAutomotiveGroupCo,saidWangChen,senergydensityisonparwiththelatestbatteryusedinTeslasnewModel3sedan,whichhasoneofthecheapestandhighestenergydensitycellsonthemarket,accordingtoTeslaandPanasonic,thebatteryehicledemos,saidWang,addingthattheChineseAcademyofScienceshaspartneredwithmorethan30batterya,Chinahasusednanotechnologiestomakebreakthroughsinthenextgenerationofrechargeablebatteries,namelylithium-sulfurandlithium-airbatteries,saidLiHong,aresearcherattheChineseAcademyofSciencesInstituteofPhysics."Fordecades,theUnitedStatesandJapanhaveheldkeypatentsandtechnologiesonlithium-ionbatteries,"saidLi."ButChinacankeepupwiththemoreventaketheleadinfieldsrelatedtothenextgenerationofrechargeablebatteries."Comparedwithlithium-ionbatteries,lithium-sulfurbatteriesusesulfurratherthanexpensivealloysforelectrodes,makingthemcheaper,ing609Wh/kg,larpowereddrones,y,ZhongkePaisiEnergyStorageTechnologyCo,locatedinDalian,Liaoningprovince,andithasrecentlyfinishedbuildingtheworldWh/kg,,"itwillsignificantlyincreaseChinastechnologicalandengineeringprowessintheglobalraceforsmaller,longer-lasting,morepowerfulbatteries,"othcost-efficientanddoesnotproducecorrosiveorpoisonouswaste,saidSongYanlin,sindustrialprintingindustries,whoseturnoverwas$180billionin2016,tobecompletelyenvironmentallyfriendly,sformorethan1,200nomadicfamiliesinNorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,saidFangShibi,rsenicandfluorine,andthenomadsneedonlychangethefiltersonceperyear,makingcleanwatercheapandmoreaccessible,headded.

水陆两栖飞机amphibiousaircraftChinashomegrownAG600,codenamedKunlong,slargestamphibiousaircraftinproduction.我国研发的"鲲龙"AG600飞机12月24日进行首飞.这是全世界在研最大的水路两栖飞机."鲲龙"AG600是我国为满足森林灭火(forestfirefighting)和水上救援(marinerescue)的迫切需要,首次研制的大型特种用途民用飞机,是国家应急救援体系建设急需的重大航空装备.森林灭火时,它可多次往返高效率投水灭火,20秒内可一次汲水12吨(collect12tonsofwaterin20seconds),单次投水救火面积可达4000余平方米,接近一个足球场的面积.海上救援时,"鲲龙"可快速响应、到达,在复杂气象条件下实施救援,起降抗浪能力不低于2米,可一次救助50名海上遇险人员(carry50peopleduringsearch-and-rescuemissions).AG600除了满足森林灭火和水上救援要求,还能根据用户的需要加改装必要的设备,执行海洋环境监测与保护(marineenvironmentmonitoringandprotection)、资源探测(resourcessurveying)、岛礁运输(personnelandsupplytransportation)等任务,以及为"一带一路"提供海上航行安全保障和紧急支援等任务.AG600坚持自主创新,以国内供应商配套为主,全机5万多个结构及系统零部件中98%由国内供应商提供(98percentoftheAG600s50,000-pluscomponentsaresuppliedbyChinesecompanies),全机机载成品95%以上为国产产品."鲲龙"与我国运—20大型运输机(theY-20transportplane)、C919大型喷气式客机(theC919jetliner)一起,被称为中国大飞机"三剑客".运20和C919分别于2013年和2017年成功首飞.【相关词汇】水陆两栖飞机amphibiousaircraft首飞maidenflight战略运输机strategictransportplane喷气式客机passengerjetliner无人机unmannedaerialvehicle(UAV)预警指挥机airborneearlywarningandcontrol(AEWC)aircraft舰载机carrier-basedaircraft歼击机fighterjetOTTAWA,June13(Xinhua)--WangChen,amemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)CentralCommittee,visitedCanadafromJune10to13,alsovicechairmanoftheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeoplesCongress(NPC),,,Wangsaid,China-CanadarelationshipisundergoingstabledevelopmentasChinesePresidentXiJinpingandCanadianleadershavereachedimportantconsensusthroughfrequentmeetings,theconsensusandcontinuetogivefullplaytotheroleofthemechanismofregularexchangesbetweenthetwoparliamentssoastohelppropmentofCanadian-Chineserelationsandisreadytostrengthencooperationineconomy,freetrade,education,tourism,environmentalprotectionandlegislation,,WangalsometLieutenantGovernorofBritishColumbiaJanetAustin,PremierJohnHorganandVancouverMayorGregorRobertson.

  ,theUnitedStates,onJune13,rofapercentagepoint,itssecondratehikethisyear.(Xinhua/YangChenglin)WASHINGTON,June13(Xinhua)--rofapercentagepoint,itssecondratehikethisyearandtheseventhsincelate2015."Inviewofrealizedandexpectedlabormarketconditionsandinflation,the(FederalOpenMarket)Committeedecidedtoraisethetargetrangeforthefederalfundsrateto1-3/4to2percent,""continuedtostrengthen"andeconomicactivityhasbeen"risingatasolidrate",withhoustemsotherthanfoodandenergy"havemovedcloseto2percent",suggestingthatFedofficialsaregett,,,,,upfromthreeestimatedinMarch,kesremainstheappropriatepathforthecentralbanktosustaineconomicexpansion."Wecontinuedtobelievethatagradualapproachforincreasingthefederalfundsratewillbestpromoteasustainedexpansionofeconomicactivity,stronglabormarketconditions,andinflationnearoursymmetrictwopercentgoal,"PowellsaidWednesdayatapressconference."Weareawarethatraisingratestooslowlymightraisetheriskthatmonetarypolicywouldneedtotightenabruptlydowntheroadinresponsetoanunexpectedlysharpincreaseininflationorfinancialexcesses,jeopardizingtheeconomicexpansion,"heargued,owsannouncementmarkedtheFedsseventhratehikeofthistighteningcyclebeginningDecember2015andthesecondmoveunderPowell,ismonthestimatedthattheFedwouldraiseinterestratesagainatitsSeptemberpolicymeeting.State-ownedenterprisesmustcarryoutreformsinordertoachievesuccess,ChinesePresidentXiJinpingsaidonWednesdayduringaninspectiontourinYantaiCityineastChinasShandongProvince,,alsogeneralsecretaryoftheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)CentralCommitteeandchairmanoftheCentralMilitaryCommission,inspectedfacilitiesofWanhuaChemicalandCIMCRafflesinYantaiafterattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinnearbyQingdaoovertheweekend.

  Chinasfirstself-developed160kilometer-an-hourmagneticlevitationtrainrolledofftheproductionline,,suitableforcommutingbetweenurbanareasandsatellitetowns,wasdeliveredonTuesdaybyCRRCZhuzhouLocomotiveCoLtd,basedinCentralChina,thecompanyexpectstodeliver200km/hmedium-speedmaglevtrainsbytheendof2019,saidTongLaisheng,,thecompanys100km/hmaglevrailline,designedmainlyforurbantransport,,,andusesspeciallydesignedtrackstokeepthetrainsfromoverturningorderailing."Chinahasmasteredthecoretechnologiesofcommercialmaglevtrains,andhasestablishedacomprehensivesystemrangingfromtechnicalresearchandmanufacturingtocommercialoperations,"saidLiuYoumei,anacademicianoftheChineseAcademyofEngineering."Sofar,theself-developedmaglevtechnologyhasbeencommercializedinahostoftraintypes,"Liusaid."Theproductionofmaglevtrainsrequiresover10,000partsandcomponents,90percentofwhichcanbeproducedinHunanprovince."CRRCZELCisakeysubsidiaryunderChinaRailwayRollingStockCorp,thenation,therailwaymajorhasbeengoingfullsteamaheadonstudyingdifferenttypesofmaglevtrains,,chairmanofCRRCZELC,said:"ThecompanyhasbeenfuelingcontinuinginnovationtopromotethetechnologicallevelofChina,environmentally-friendlyandintelligentsolutionsfortransportationsystem."Thereareconcernsaboutthecostofconstructingtheinfrastructureforacommercialmaglevservice,assomemaglevtrainlines,reportedly,,aprofessorattheSchoolofEconomicsandManagementatBeijingJiaotongUniversity,saidoperatorsneedtoestimateanappropriatepassengerflowvolume,whichisnormallysmallerthanthatofthesubway,,theworldsfirstmaglevlinewaslaunchedinChina,providinga,asthetrainhasaspeedofupto430km/h.TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)

BEIJING,June13(Xinhua)--srecentpledgetostopholdingmilitaryexerciseswiththeRepublicofKorea(ROK)provedonceagainthatChinasproposalontheKoreanPeninsulaissuewas"reasonableandpractical."ThesituationontheKoreanPeninsulahadshownpositivechangesevenbeforethemeetingoftheleadersoftheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKoreas(DPRK)andtheUnitedStatesinSingapore,accordingtoChineseForeignMinistryspokespersonGengShuang."ThefactthattheDPRKhadstoppednucleartests,andtheUnitedStatesandtheROKhadshownself-restraintonmilitarydrills,demonstratedthesuspensionforsuspensioninitiativeproposedbyChinahadbeenpracticallyimplemented,"sproposalnotonlyalignedwiththeinterestsofallpartiesinvolved,butcouldalsosolvetheirmostpressingsecurityconcerns."ChinaspropositionsontheKoreanPeninsulaissuearetenableandwilleventuallyreceivesupportfromallparties,",accordingtoTrumpinSingaporeTuesdayafterthesummitwithKimJongUn,s"suspensionforsuspension"initiativecallsfortheDPRKtosuspenditsnucl-ROKmilitaryexercises.

  ”,thisdoesntmeantheyareunhappyaboutit.孤独和孤身一人是两回事。

  Along-forgottenandrareChineseim(19millionUSdollars)atSotheby’hevase–decoratedwithdeerandcranes–at500,’ssaidthevaseistheonlyknownexampleofitskindanditwasproducedbytheJingdezhenworkshopsforthemagnificentcourtsoftheQianlongEmperor(1735-1796).The18th-centuryporcelainvasewasfoundbychanceamongdozensofotherpiecesofChinoiseriesinanatticbyitsunsuspectingowners,uncle,andappearsa(rosefamily)porcelainwaresoftheQianlongperiodareextremelyrareonthemarket,withmostexamplescurrentlyhouse(Photo/ChinaDaily)Whenthesepiecesdocometoauction,’sHongKong,’ssaidthattheseso-calledyangcaiporcelaincommissions,sometimesinpairs,butneverinlargequantities.“Thisisamajorworkofart,itisasifwehadjustdiscoveredaCaravaggio,”OlivierValmier,theAsianartsexpertattheauctionhouse,saidbeforethesale.BeijinghasbeenrankedasthebesttourismcityontheChinesemainland,:numberofvisitors,tourismrevenueanditscontributiontothelocaleconomy,snotsurprisingthatBeijing,Chinascapitalcity,,,20percentofthecity,,000years,,thetopgradeofthecountry,64ofwhicharefive-staralongside2,,Chongqing,Chinas"hotpotcapital",,,Chongqinghasadevelopedtrafficnetworkconsistingofhighways,railways,,themetr,seconomiccenter,Shanghaihasaperfecttrafficnetworkbutitoffersrelativelylessin,t,theresearchfoundthatfivecitiescantrulybelabeledastourismcitiesasthecontri,HuangshanCityofAnhuiProvince,SanyaCityofHainanProvince,JinzhongCityofShanxiProvince,andShangraoCityofJiangxiProvince,

  Achillesthecat,oneoftheStateHermitageMuseummicehunters,choosesRussiawhileattemptingtopredicttheresultoftheopeningmatchofthe2018FIFAWorldCupbetweenRussiaandSaudiArabiaduringaneventinSaintPetersburg,RussiaJune13,2018.(Photo/Agencies)Althoughhecan’thear,,whohasbrightblueeyes,istherealMVPofthetournament,taskedwithpredictingtheoutcomeofmatches,’sWorldCup,,twoidenticalbowlsoffoodareplacedinfrontofhim,eachonewithaflagofthecountrythatisplaying,AnnaKondratyeva,thecat’sveterinarian,,oneoftheStateHermitageMuseummicehunters,whichattemptstopredicttheresultoftheopeningmatchofthe2018FIFAWorldCupbetweenRussiaandSaudiArabiaduringaneventinSaintPetersburg,RussiaJune13,2018.(Photo/Agencies)AparticipantholdsAchillesthecat,oneoftheStateHermitageMuseummicehunters,whichattemptstopredicttheresultoftheopeningmatchofthe2018FIFAWorldCupbetweenRussiaandSaudiArabiaduringaneventinSaintPetersburg,RussiaJune13,2018.(Photo/Agencies)PhotographerstakepicturesofAchillesthecat,oneoftheStateHermitageMuseummicehunters,whichattemptstopredicttheresultoftheopeningmatchofthe2018FIFAWorldCupbetweenRussiaandSaudiArabiaduringaneventinSaintPetersburg,RussiaJune13,2018.(Photo/Agencies)

  BeijingwasthebestsportscityinChinain2016,accordingtoarankinglistreleasedbythePeoplesDailyOnline"2016BestSportsCities"listwasbasedonathoroughanalysisoffouraspects:gamesheldinthecities,situationandutilizationofvenues,massphysicalexercise,anddevelopmentofthesportsindustry,,followedbyShanghaiwhere33gameswerepresented,,Beijingowns13teams,Shanghaiowns12,,Tianjin,andShanghaihavethebestvenueswithahigherusageratio,followedbyChengdu,Nanjing,Changchun,Guangzhou,Jinan,Urumqi,,followedbyChengduandXi,fishing,squaredancing,jogging,,eightwererankedinthecountryUNAIDSExecutiveDirectorMichelSidibespeaksduringaninterviewwithXinhuaNewsAgencyattheUnitedNationsheadquartersinNewYork,onJune12,,MichelSidibesaidTuesdayattheUNheadquartersafterhisreportonthelatestprogressoftheagencysstruggleagainstAIDS.(Xinhua/LiMuzi)UNITEDNATIONS,June12--ChinaisplayingagreatroleinfightingAIDS,UNAIDSExecutiveDirectorMichelSidibesaidTuesdayattheUnitedNationsheadquartersafterhisreportonthelatestprogressoftheagencyalAssemblyin2016,theworldismakingstrongprogresstowardendingtheAIDSepidemicby2030,,makingsurethatsanitation,environment,sportandotherissuesareaddressed,igmforreinforcingrelevantservicedeliverysystem,,hesaid,addingthatChina,acountrywithsuccessfulexperiencein"barefootdoctors",canplayacriticalroleintrainingcommunityhealthworkers,,oneoftheleadingmediagroupsintheworld,hasbeenontheforefrontsharingresults,makingpeopleunderstandwhatneedstobeaddressed,andtryingtomobilize,advocateandcreatespaceforsocialchange,,battingtheepidemicinChinaandbeyond.

  AwomanselectsimportedgoodsinasupermarketinRizhao,ShandongProvince.[Filephoto:VCG]willactivelyexpandimportsandlowerimporttariffsongoodssuchasautomobilesandeverydayconsumerproductstopromoteindustrialupgradingandmslargestexporterandsecondlargestimporterofgoodsfornineconsecutiveyears,andisnowtheworldslargestimporterofenergyresources."deinservices,"Lisaid,"Ourdeficitinservicestrademaybeturnedintoacatalystfortheupgradingoftheservicessector."TheWednesdaymeetinghasdecidedthatmoresupportwillbegiventoimportingdailyconsumergoods,medicine,aswellasnursingandrehabilitationfaciitutionalproceduresandunreasonablepriceincrease,,andimportsofproducerservicescoveringresearchanddesign,tradelogistics,consultingservices,teAuthorizedEconomicOperator(AEO),,acreditinformationsysteminforeigntradeaswellasenhancedintellectualpropertyrightsprotectionareneededsothatforeigntradeandforeigninvestmentwillcomplementoneanother."OurinitiativeofboostingimportsdemonstratesChinascommitmenttoanewroundofhigh-standardopeningup,toeconomicrestructuring,andtoeconomictransformationandhigh-qualitydevelopment,"dmomentumofChina,,

  网络百科全书onlineencyclopaediaThethirdeditionoftheChineseEncyclopaediaisduetogoonlineforthefirsttimesometimenextyear,announcedtheChineseAcademyofSciences.中国科学院宣布,《中国大百科全书》第三版的网络版将在明年首次上线.Over20,000scholarsfromuniversitiesandresearchinstitutesacrossthecountrywillparticipateinthemassivenationalonlineencyclopaediaprogram,includingmorethan300academicsand30membersoftheCAS,LiuGuohui,associateexecutiveeditor-in-chiefoftheprojectanddirectoroftheEncyclopediaofChinaPublishingHouse(ECPH),hastoldseniorscientists.中国大百科全书出版社社长、《中国大百科全书》第三版执行副总主编刘国辉表示,来自全国高校和科研机构的2万多名学者将参与该网络版百科全书的编撰工作,其中包括300余位中科院院士和30多位学部委员.《中国大百科全书》第三版定位于新型的网络百科全书(onlineencyclopaedia),是基于信息化技术和互联网,进行知识生产、分发和传播的国家大型公共知识服务平台(alargenationalplatformforpublicknowledgeservicebasedoninformationtechnologyandtheinternetthatproduces,distributesandspreadsknowledge),目标是编纂一部代表世界最高水平的网络化和数字化的《中国大百科全书》(compileaninternet-baseddigitalencyclopaediaon-parwiththeworldsbest).《中国大百科全书》第三版执行总主编杨牧之在中科院的会议上对资深科学家说:"《中国大百科全书》不是一本书,而是一座文化万里长城(TheEncyclopaediaofChinaisnotabook,butaGreatWallofculture)."《中国大百科全书》第三版首期目标为30余万条内容,每条约1000字(morethan300,000entriesatabout1,000wordseach),内容涉及103个学科,是《大英百科全书》的两倍,规模堪比中文版维基百科.该项目在2011年就已获中国国务院的批准.参与中国新百科全书编纂的历史学家黄安年表示,维基百科是需要格外注意的竞争者,"读者认为它权威、准确……但我们拥有世界上规模最大、最优质的编纂队伍……我们的目标不是追赶而是超越(Ourgoalisnottocatchup,butovertake)."《中国大百科全书》第一版在1993年问世,内容包含66门学科(66disciplines),8万个条目(over80,000entries),共计亿汉字及5万余幅插图.全书共计74卷(74volumes),包括哲学、社会科学、文学艺术、文化教育、自然科学、工程技术等各个学科和领域.《中国大百科全书》第二版于2009年4月16日正式出版,总计32卷(正文30卷、索引2卷)、6万个条目、约6千万字、3万幅插图和1千幅地图.

  AccordingtoareportfromglobalaccountingfirmPwC,Chinasentertainmentandmedia(EM)efortheEMindustriesaswidespreadmobilenetworksand’"ChinesemarketswillcontinuetoseeenormousgainsinInternetvideosandotheremergingareas,"pectedtoleadtoChina’s"robustgrowth"%duetofasterbroadbandconnectioncesignificantgrmservices,“Themainplayersarenowfocusingonoriginalcontenttocontrolcosts,differentiatefromcompetitorsandmonetizefurtherbysellingadaptationrightsorlicensingrights,”’sInternetadvertisingmarketwasthesecond-largestmarketgloballyin2017,,,wiredgrowthwilltaperparticularlyinmaturemarkets.“Themarketwillshifttomobileasconsumersincreasinglyprefermobileplatforms,”thereportsaid.“ChinamobilegrowthwillexceedglobalprojectionsasmobileInternetpenetrationincreases.”ItispredictedthatmobilewilldominateInternetadvertisinginChina,representing72percentoftheindustry’,livestreaming,andonlineshopping.“,”thereportsaid.“TheconvenienceandincreasingadoptionofmobilepaymentsarealsofuelingmobileInternetadvertising.”State-ownedenterprisesmustcarryoutreformsinordertoachievesuccess,ChinesePresidentXiJinpingsaidonWednesdayduringaninspectiontourinYantaiCityineastChinasShandongProvince,,alsogeneralsecretaryoftheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)CentralCommitteeandchairmanoftheCentralMilitaryCommission,inspectedfacilitiesofWanhuaChemicalandCIMCRafflesinYantaiafterattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinnearbyQingdaoovertheweekend.

  

  触发全球贸易壁垒? 美国推高关税,多国强烈反对

 
责编:

国产大飞机C919将择时首飞 团队解密:飞到天上干点啥?

2019-08-25 13:02:00 澎湃新闻网 分享
参与
ChinesePresidentXiJinpingchairsthe18thMeetingoftheCouncilofHeadsofMemberStatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)inQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June10,(Xinhua/LiXueren)QINGDAO,June10(Xinhua)--ChinesePresidentXiJinpingchairedtheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)annualsummitSunday,aimingtobringthegrouptoashinasportcityofQingdaomarkedthefirstgatheringofleadersofallitseightmembetionsataroundtablemeeting,Xihailedthe17-year-oldorganizationas"anewmodelforregionalcooperation"security,tradefacilitationandpeople-to-peopleexchanges,sendingoutasignalofunityandcollaboration,againstthebackdropofglobalchallengessuchashegemony,powerpolitics,securitythreats,unilateralismandtradeprotectionism."Weshould,guidedbytheShanghaiSpirit,workcloselytobuildanSCOcommunitywithasharedfuture,movetowardanewtypeofinternationalrelations,andbuildanopen,inclusive,cleanandbeautifulworldthatenjoyslastingpeace,universalsecurityandcommonprosperity,"sstrengthtotheShanghaiSpirit,whichchampionsmutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equality,consultation,sspeechatthesummit."Weshouldupholdinnovative,coordinated,green,openandinclusivedevelopment,"hesaid,,comprehensive,cooperativeandsustainablesecurity."WeshouldrejecttheColdWarmentalityandconfrontationbetweenblocsandopposethepracticesofseekingabsolutesecurityofoneselfattheexpenseofthesecurityofothercountries,"es."Weshouldrejectself-centered,short-sightedandclosed-doorpolicies,"hesaid."Equality,mutuallearning,dialogueandinclusivenessbetweenculturesshouldbechampioned."Healsocalledforextensiveconsultation,,geachotherschoiceofdevelopmentpathsandaccommodatingeachotherscoreinterestsandmajorconcerns,,separatismandextremism,andconducta"PeaceMission."Chinawouldtrain2,000lawenforcementofficersforallpartiesinthenextthreeyearstoenhancelawenforcement,seconomiccomponenthasgrownmoreprominentinrecentyears,andXiproposedincreasingthecomplementarityofdevelopmentstrategiesandpursuingtheBeltandRoadIspackageforcommondevelopmentincludedsettingupa30-billion-yuan(),XisaidChinawouldprovide3,000trainingopportunitiesinhumanresourcesdevelopmentforSCOmemberstatesinton,con,Kazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan,Russia,,Belarus,athisyear,practicing"major-countrydiplomacywithChinesecharacteristics."TheotherthreeeventsaretheBoaoForumforAsiaannualconferenceinApril,theForumonChina-AfricaCooperationsum"anewtypeofinternationalrelations"and"acommunitywithasharedfutureforhumanity"--twoideasXihasexpoundedoverthepastfiveyears.

  央广网上海5月5日消息,据中国之声《新闻纵横》报道,昨天我国首款按照最新国际适航标准研制的干线民用大型客机C919,也就是“大飞哥”和大家来个深度自我介绍。按照目前计划,今天“大飞哥”将在上海浦东国际机场择时首飞。

  昨天提到大型客机C919的名字里,C是英文单词“CHINA中国”的首字母,也是中国商飞公司英文缩写的首字母。第一个9寓意天长地久,而后面的“19”则代表它的最大载客量为190座。

  “大飞哥”能载这么多人在蓝天翱翔,首飞时有多少人能上飞机呢?答案是5人。

  这5个人的首飞机组分别是谁呢?答案是,机长蔡俊、副驾驶吴鑫、观察员钱进、试飞工程师马菲和张大伟。

  他们是如何修炼成为这次首飞5人机组成员的?首飞时他们有哪些任务?在飞机上都需要做什么?

  “飞机是个千里马,我们要成为好骑手。如果我是一个坏骑手,千里马也不能跑一千里。”C919五人首飞机组机长蔡俊,他用骑手和千里马形容他们和C919的关系。

  C919首飞在即,身着缝有国旗的天蓝色飞行服,五人首飞机组终于和大家见面。

  机长蔡俊1976年生人,副驾驶吴鑫1975年生人,两人总飞行时间都超过1万小时。

  在我国民机试飞工作一直没有专门试飞员。为了做好试飞工作,蔡俊和几位同事前往美国,进行被他称作“魔鬼式”训练。最终,有20多名有试飞经验的飞行员都报名参与C919试飞员的选拔。蔡俊也在其中,“做了很多准备,大半年时间一直在翻手册、一直在看,了解整个飞机系统。即使选不上我也一直在做手册方面的工作,最终还是会为首飞机组服务。”

  通过两轮理论培训、机上实际操作培训、心理测试、模拟机实操培训以及特殊情况处置考核等一层层培训和考核,蔡俊、吴鑫和钱进脱颖而出。

  钱进的岗位叫“观察员”,可以说是机长和副驾驶外的“第三双眼睛”,是又一道“防火墙”。

  中国商飞民用飞机试飞中心试飞工程部部长由立岩说,是为C919首飞特设了观察员这一岗位。在C919的首飞中,观察员要观察些什么?他会在C919里的什么位置呢?由立岩介绍:“在驾驶舱,位于主驾和副驾后面的位置,主要观察两位机组人员整个操作动作,判断他们操作有没有问题,包括有一些特殊情况,给予他们指导。”

  由立岩介绍,C919的首飞是我国国内第一次在首飞中有除了飞行员以外的人员登机。除了观察员之外,还有两名试飞工程师。他们登机是做什么呢?由立岩介绍:“试飞工程师在客舱。客舱专门有几组机柜,把整个机载测试系统的重要参数引介到机柜,它有电脑屏幕,可以实时显示飞机一些参数曲线、重要的技术参数标准。他们主要在客舱里通过这些参数的判读和飞行员协同。”

  目前,C919首飞飞机的客舱中还没有座椅和行李架等设施,而是乘有用于试验的机柜。C919的首飞和平时航线的飞行不同,除了要安全起降、飞行,抵达目的地外,还需要在飞行过程中进行一系列的试验和测试。而飞行员在驾驶舱,试飞工程师在客舱,他们之间如何协作进行试验呢?

  由立岩介绍:“比如我现在开始进行T1试验点,试飞工程师开始进行整个数据的记录和判读。飞行员做完以后,试飞工程师会告诉他你做的好不好,整个数据有没有效。说OK进行下个试验点。他们之间内部通过耳麦内话系统,有语音沟通。”

  C919要在首飞中完成多少试验?据由立岩介绍,预计这一飞要飞1个半小时到2个小时左右,在这当中,要完成的事情可不少,首飞的飞行任务有15个试验点,“第一个试验点是在地面,完成三项操纵检查,它的输入、响应功能都是正常的。因为飞机在第一次离地升空,包括到飞行过程当中,主要就是靠这些活动面来控制飞行姿态,所以在飞行前这是必须要完成的一个动作。”

  C919标准航程型设计航程为4075公里,相当于一口气能从长春飞到拉萨。不过首飞按计划将从上海浦东国际机场起飞,最后,还是回到这里。而在最终降落前,在高空中C919应该已经完成一次模拟着陆了,“首飞高度在一万英尺,它会假想一个8500英尺空的机场去完成整个进近、着陆动作,包括遇到特情以后复飞的动作。在整个工作完成以后就建立了飞行员对返场着陆的信心,对整个飞机的特性也有了全面的了解。这时候就退出空域,飞机就回到浦东机场。”

  除了飞行数据外,机长的感受是设计团队最关注的试验结果之一。首飞前,对于飞机的状态,首飞机组机长蔡俊说,飞行员心里有数,“害怕到没有过。更多的想一些飞机现在状态到底适不适合首飞。首飞我们希望是一个成功的首飞,安全、成功。为了安全成功,我们会在地上做非常多的准备工作,要考虑到各种各样特情。如果有特情发生时,我们不要判断错,也不要处置错,能够在最短的时间内,做出一个正确的处置。”

  在一份寄语中,蔡俊写道,“民机事业是民族的梦想,这是你的经历也是你的青春,轻易实现的算不得梦想,有梦想,就去捍卫它”。

  (原题为《国产飞机C919将择时首飞 团队解密:飞到天上干点啥?》)

责编:王雪纯
长安路街道 陆旺村 田楼村委会 忠胜大排面 滨海区
黄鹤乡 前福兴地乡 向山 渤海石油街道 哈医大五院